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Geneva Lake Keelboat Club
PO Box 387, Williams Bay, Wisconsin 53191
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HomeRace Area and Instructions





1.         RULES

            All club races shall be governed by the rules as defined by the Racing Rules of Sailing (RRS). Rules of the RRS that have been changed by a sailing instruction are identified in the sailing instruction.


2.         SAFETY

2.1       When races are postponed or abandoned due to weather, the race committee shall attempt to notify its decision by VHF radio, text message or email.


2.2       Races shall be abandoned when the race committee records wind gusts of 25 mph or higher, sustained winds of 20 mph or higher, or at the discretion of the Principal Race Officer (PRO).


2.3       All boats racing or intending to race shall carry coast guard approved Personal Flotation Devices (PFD) for each person on board as well as one throwable device. Competitors are individually responsible for wearing a PFD.



3.1       A boat that has a registration form on file with GLKC, and is current with its racing fees, is eligible provided her owner and helmsperson are GLKC members in good standing.


3.2       Two single races may be sailed by a guest boat when the guest boat declares its intention to race to the race committee in writing. Its race standing shall not be scored unless or until the conditions of section 3.1 are fulfilled.


3.3       For racing yachts, fleet assignments shall be made according to the schedule in Addendum One (1) of these SI’s, and consistent with the current by-laws of the club.



4.1       Notices to competitors on shore shall be made by text or email messages.


4.2       All boats while racing shall have an operable VHF radio on board.


4.3       Notices to competitors on the water shall be made by text messages, VHF radio transmissions or by loud hail when the L signal flag is raised on the race committee boat.


4.4       VHF radio channel 69 shall be used.






            Any changes to the SI’s or its addendums or supplements must be signed by a flag officer, and shall be emailed or texted no later than 48 hours before it is to take effect. No changes to the SI’s shall be announced on the water.



6.1       The race committee may postpone or abandon a race or races by text or email or phone message while competitors are still ashore.


6.2       If a race is postponed, the warning signal shall be made no earlier that 30 minutes after notice has been given to the competitors that the race shall be sailed.


6.3       When a race is abandoned, the race committee shall notify the competitors if the race is to be sailed at a later date or dropped from the schedule of races.



7.1       Fleet indicators when flown shall determine the order of start for the fleets.


7.2       Signal flag “A” is the indicator for the “A” fleet, signal flag “B” is the indicator for the “B” fleet and signal flag “C” is the indicator for the “C” fleet. See International Code Flags in the RRS rulebook.


7.3       A blue flag when flown on the race committee boat indicates that all fleets shall start together.



8.1       The schedule of races is shown in the GLKC club Yearbook. The times     indicated are the warning signals for the first race. See also Addendum Two (2) of these SI’s.

            (a)       In the first of the two races scheduled for fleets A, B, and C, there may be                                     a combined fleet start.

            (b)       The race committee may determine the order of warning for the                                        fleets for the second race.


8.2       Restrictions on times of warning signals

            (a)       For all races scheduled before 12:00 noon, warning signals                                                            shall be made no later than 11:10 am.          

            (b)       For all races scheduled after 4:00 pm, warning signal shall be                                            made no later than 7:15 pm

            (c)       For all races from mid August through September, the                                                        warning signals after 4:00 pm shall depend on the time of the                                            sunset.






9.         RACING AREA

            The racing area is the navigable water of Lake Geneva.

9.1       The start area shall be identified using the chart of Lake Geneva printed on the back of the club yearbook or Addendum Five (5) of these SI’s.


9.2       The race committee shall by VHF radio, text, phone or email identify to the competitors the start area no later than 30 minutes before the first warning signal.


10.       COURSES

            All courses shall start with the first mark to windward of the starting line.

10.1     Courses, course diagrams and course signals, are Addendum Three (3) of these SI’s.


10.2     No later than the warning signal, courses including the number of legs shall be displayed as black letters and numerals on a white course board on the back of the race committee boat.


10.3     A triangle on the course board after the fleet designator shall indicate those fleets shall round a secondary shape on their upwind legs.


11        MARKS

            Marks of the course shall be orange shapes.

11.1     The race committee shall use a yellow shape to define the upwind legs in compliance with 10.3 above.


11.2      Race committee boats are marks when positioned at one end of a start or finish line, or when replacing a missing mark of the course. This modifies RRS rule 34.



            The starting area is rectangular and extends approximately one-quarter length of the starting line along the extensions of the starting line and approximately 50 yards to windward and leeward of the starting line and its extensions.


13.       THE START

13.1     Races shall be started as provided in RRS 26 except as modified in SI 13.2 and



13.2     For the first race of a scheduled date an assembly horn may be sounded one minute before a warning signal for that race. This modifies RRS rule 26.


133      Flag P, flag Z and the Black flag shall not be used as preparatory signals. This modifies RRS rule 26.


13.4     If a blue flag is not used for the first or subsequent races, warning signals for each fleet may be made with or after the starting signal of the preceding fleet. This modifies RRS rule 26.


13.5     The starting line shall be between:

            (a)       A staff displaying an orange flag with a white cross on the race committee                                     boat at             one end of the line and the course side of a mark and the other end                           of the line, or

            (b)       Marks at both ends of the line.


13.6     Signals shall be displayed from the race committee boat at or near one end of the starting line.


13.7     Boats whose preparatory signal has not been made shall stay clear of the starting area.


13.8     A boat shall not start later than 10 minutes after the stating signal for her fleet. This modifies RRS rule 26.


13.9     At the discretion of the PRO no races shall start in less than five (5) mph of wind.



14.1     The race committee shall attempt to hail the sail number of each boat identified on the course side of the stating line at the starting signal, and each boat required to comply with RRS 30.1. A boat that fails to hear the hail is not relieved of her obligation to start as defined and that failure shall not be accepted as grounds for redress. This modifies RRS rule 29.1.

14.2     When a general recall is signaled, the time of the next warning signal, for the recalled fleet, shall be determined by the race committee. This modifies RRS rule 29.2.



15.1     A change of the next leg of the course shall be signaled only as provided in RRS rule 33(a).  This modifies RRS rule 33.

15.2     When shortening the course or abandoning the race after the race has started RRS rule 32 shall apply.


16.       THE FINISH

            The finish shall be between

  1. A staff displaying an orange flag with a white cross and a blue flag on the race committee boat at one end of the line and a mark at the other end of the line, or
  2. Marks at both ends of the line.


17.       TIME LIMITS

17.1     If no boat that sails her proper course reaches the first mark within 30 minutes, the race shall be abandoned.


17.2     If no boat sailing her proper course finishes within 11/2 hours, the race shall be abandoned.

17.3 At the discretion of the race committee 17.1 and 17.2 may be applied to individual fleets. Such notice shall be given by VHF radio either before or during a race.


17.4     If more than one race is scheduled, the race committee shall decide if the second race shall be sailed or abandoned.


17.5     The time limit for additional boats to finish is 15 minutes after the first boat of her fleet finishes within the time limit.


17.6     Boats that finish later than the time limit in section 17.5 shall be scored one point more than the last boat to finish within the time limit. This modifies RRS rule 26 and A4.           



18.1     A racing boat may make electronic transmissions only in an emergency.  But it’s mandatory that she notify the race committee that she is leaving the course area.  


18.2     The use of devices that display data derived magnetically or GPS or other electronic devices for viewing data that display course bearings, remaining time, or tactical mode information is permitted unless prohibited by class rules.


19.       PEANATIES

            RRS rule 44 shall apply except no yellow flag shall be used as stated in RRS rule 44.3, (a) and (b). This modifies RRS rule 44. 



20.1     A boat intending to deliver a protest after an incident that occurs in the racing area shall notify the race committee boat at the finishing line of her intention as soon as possible after finishing as proscribed by RRS rule 60, (Right to Protest or Ask For Redress); RRS rule 61(Protest Requirements); RRS rule 62(Redress).


20.2     All protests or requests for redress must be documented using the US Sailing Protest Form. This modifies RRS rule 61.2. The forms may be found on the GLKC web page or the US Sailing web page.


20.3     The time limit to file a protest or request for redress shall be by midnight the second calendar day after the race day in which the incident occurred. The protest may be filed by email or U.S. mail, postmarked, within the 48-hour time limit, to the Vice Commodore. This modifies RRS 61.3.


20.4     Parties to a protest or request for redress are entitled to a hearing. It will be held within one week after the protest or request for redress is received at a time and at a place designated by the Vice Commodore.


20.5     Protests may be arbitrated and concluded up to or before a protest hearing is scheduled. The conclusion should be mutually agreeable to both parties to the protest.

This modifies Section 20 of the RRS.


20.6     The decision of the hearing or arbitration shall be emailed to all interested parties or, if requested, sent a copy of the decision by U.S. mail within 48 hours of the decision. This modifies RRS rule 65.2.


20.7     The protest committee may reopen a hearing if notified by a party to the hearing within one week of the original hearing by email or U.S. mail if post marked within the one-week time limit. Only one appeal shall be allowed for each hearing. This modifies RRS rule 66.


21        SCORING

21.1     For a race to be scored, at least three boats must have started the race.


21.2     If less than three boats in a fleet race their score shall count only in their overall club standing.


21.3     If three boats or less have shown up for a race, It shall be the decision of the boats present to race or not.


21.4     Corrected finish times shall be calculated using the Time-On-Distance method.

The corrected time is used to determine  a boat’s finishing place overall and within its fleet.


21.5     There shall be two throw-outs per series, one after a boat finishes four (4) races and one after a boat finishes eight (8) races. This modifies RRS rule A2.


22        PRIZES

            Club member’s achievements on the racecourse may be acknowledged at a Trophy Banquet with trophies and other prizes or awards presented.  See Addendum Four (4) of these SI’s.



            Competitors participating in GLKC races do so at their own risk. See RRS rule 4, DECISIONS TO RACE. The GLKC will not accept any liability for material damage or personal injury or death sustained in conjunction with or prior to or during or after a GLKC race.


24.       INSURANCE

            Each participating member boat of the LGKC shall be insured with third party liability insurance. Proof of such valid insurance shall be on file with the Geneva Lake Keelboat Club (GLKC).





Race Course Examples – Triangular, Olympic, Windward/Leeward, Off-Set Start and Modified (New)

Course Designations – The GLKC Race manager will set one of the four standard configurations above based on weather conditions and available daylight at the time of the start.  The course designations for each course have changed for 2017.  The course board will no longer have zones listed in the course to be sailed.  The course board will now list abbreviations for each type of course to be sailed.

Example:             Triangle = T                        Windward Leeward = W

                              Olympic = O                       Modified = M (See note)

Off-set Start = X     (R/G= Port rounding   G/R = Starboard Rounding)

NOTE: Modified (M) course.  This alerts the crews they will sail a ½ leg to windward to finish the race.

The course board – A course designation is written on the course board before the start of the race. The course board will have three items of information listed, the Fleet, followed by the type of course to be sailed and then the number of legs to be sailed.  One exception is the Olympic course will only have legs listed when it is a modified course. 

The Off-set Start will indicate an R/G (Port) or G/R (Starboard) indicating which direction to turn at the Off-set mark.

If a course is preceded by a triangle that fleet will sail an alternate course and turn at the yellow mark on the windward leg.










Standard courses






OM 5 ½


TM 3 ½


WM 2 ½

Modified courses






XT 5 R/G


XT 5 R/G


XW 6 R/G

Offset courses






T 3 ½


T 4


W 3

Alternate Course


Fleet Assignments
U.S.Sailing PHRF Fleet Assignment
Less than 170 A fleet
171 to 199 B Fleet
200 and greater C Fleet
All new boats without a U S Sailing PHRF will be issued a provisional handicap by the Race Committee Chairperson until such time a U S Sailing PHRF is provided.
Race Schedule and Start Times
(Add 2017 schedule)
Course Diagrams, signals and Explanations
(See course diagrams from Kevin and print here)
Fleet Awards for A, B and C Fleets
1st, 2nd, 3rd place awards for WED series 1
1st, 2nd, 3rd place awards for WED series 2
1st, 2nd, 3rd place awards for WED series 3
1st, 2nd, 3rd place awards for WED Overall WED Series
1st, 2nd, 3rd place awards for SAT series A
1st, 2nd, 3rd place awards for SAT series B
1st, 2nd, 3rd place awards for Overall SAT Series
Lightest Air
Heaviest Air
Fleet Challenges – Best 15 of 25 and Best 9 of 15
Racing Area
(Add lake chart now on the back of the yearbook)

All Races start in Zone S - Feel free to hail the GLKC Committee boat on VHF Ch 69 if you are having difficulty finding the start!

The course posted below starts in S, then to buoy in F, then to buoy in G, then back to buoy in S, twice
around ending at finish at F buoy.  The C/D fleet has same course except they turn at yellow
tetrahedron buoy in S. All buoys to port is standard unless otherwise noted.

GLKC Committee Boat